According to the American Psychological Association (APA), Sexual Abuse is is unwanted sexual activity, with perpetrators using force, making threats, or taking advantage of victims not able to give consent. Most victims and perpetrators know each other.
Immediate reactions to sexual abuse include shock, fear, or disbelief. Long-term symptoms include anxiety, fear, or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). While efforts to treat sex offenders remain unpromising, psychological interventions for survivors — especially group therapy — appears effective.
If you or someone you know is a survivor of sexual abuse, help can be found here.